Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Constantinople FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
Αναζήτηση με το γράμμα AΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα BΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα CΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα DΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα EΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα FΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα GΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα HΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα IΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα JΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα KΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα LΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα MΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα NΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα OΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα PΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα QΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα RΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα SΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα TΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα UΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα VΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα WΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα XΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα YΑναζήτηση με το γράμμα Z

Geographical Terms













Antigoni (Burgazada)

Antigoni (Burgazada) (27/6/2007 v.1) Αντιγόνη (νήσος) (27/6/2007 v.1)

Antigoni is the third largest island of the Prigkiponnisa. Its Greek population has recently dramatically reduced. Since the 19th century, the small fishing village of Antigoni developed into a significant resort for the urban middle-class Greek community of Constantinople.




Arnavutköy - to be assigned Αρναούτκιοϊ (Μέγα Ρεύμα) (13/4/2007 v.1)

District of Bosporus, which people started referring to as Arnavutköy after the Fall of Constantinople and the translocation there of Albanians during the reign of Sultan Mehmed II. From the mid-19th century, the name “Mega Revma” (Great Stream) prevails. In the 17th century, Mega Revma was inhabited by Greeks, Jews and a few Muslims. A century later, Armenians also moved to the settlement. Post 1940 the number of Orthodox residents rapidly decreased.


Beyoğlu (Stavrodromi / Pera)

Beyoğlu (Stavrodromi / Pera) (2/5/2007 v.1) Σταυροδρόμι (Πέρα) (13/4/2007 v.1)

District located in the outskirts of Galata, intensely cosmopolitan in character, seat to most of the foreign embassies of Constantinople (Istanbul), bur also a significant commercial centre all through the 19th century. Greek-Orthodox population was present in Pera since the 17th century and firmly organised, as indicated by the statute of the Greek Orthodox Stavrodromi community.



Byzantium (Antiquity)

Byzantium (Antiquity) (18/4/2007 v.1) Βυζάντιον (Αρχαιότητα) (13/4/2007 v.1)

According to the most valid foundation myth, Byzantium was a Megaric colony, founded by Byzas. Built on the site where Bosporus opens up to the Sea of Marmaras, it combined a unique strategic location with a very fertile inland. The control of the Bosporus was the decisive element which marked its further history.




Büyükdere (27/4/2007 v.1) Μπουγιούκντερε (13/4/2007 v.1)

Village near the European coast of the Bosporus, recreational resort for diplomats and the upper strata of Constantinople during the 19th century. Besides the Orthodox residents, there were also Muslims, Jews and Armenians. The village’s Greek-Orthodox population diminished after WWI.



Chalki (Heybeliada)

Chalki (Heybeliada) (2/5/2007 v.1) Χάλκη (13/4/2007 v.1)

Chalki (Heybeliada), stretching over 2.5 square kilometers, is the second largest island of the Princes' Islands complex, located between Antigoni (Burgazada), Pringipos (Büyükada) and Cape Maltepe on the coast of Asia Minor. For many centuries, the history of Chalki was closely related to the history of its great monasteries. Until the middle of the 19th century, the majority of the inhabitants were Greek fishermen. Nowadays, its Christian Orthodox population numbers around 100 people.



Chora of Byzantium (Antiquity)

Chora of Byzantium (Antiquity) (18/4/2007 v.1) Χώρα Βυζαντίου (Αρχαιότητα) (13/4/2007 v.1)

The Megarian colony of Byzantium was surrounded by an extensive "chora", which extended from Selymbria and Bizanthe (Raedestus) in the west to the mouth of the Black Sea in the east-northeast. This area comprised several settlements, mainly of fishermen and farmers, as well as commercial posts of other Greek cities. The resources of this area were considerable and varied: fishing, wood felling, agriculture and commerce in particular secured prosperity for the city.




Cibali (2/5/2007 v.1) Τζιμπαλί (13/4/2007 v.1)

Cibali is located along the city walls of the Golden Horn, shortly before Fanari (Fener) and very close to the modern site of Unkapı. Right after the Ottoman conquest the area was inhabited by Christian Orthodox and Jews, whereas during the 19th century it became the home of Greek Orthodox immigrants from the Balkans and Asia Minor. With the signing of the Lausanne treaty and the exchange of populations, the Orthodox community started weakening numerically.



Constantinople - Istanbul

Constantinople - Istanbul - to be assigned Κωνσταντινούπολη - Ισταμπούλ - to be assigned


Edirne Kapu

Edirne Kapu (27/4/2007 v.1) Εντιρνέ Καπού (13/4/2007 v.1)

District between the sixth and the seventh hill of Constantinople with an important proportion of Greek orthodox population that diminished greatly after 1923; after 1955 Greeks gradually abandoned the area, heading towards bigger and more central communities.