Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Constantinople FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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City quarters









Beyoğlu (Stavrodromi / Pera)

Beyoğlu (Stavrodromi / Pera) (2/5/2007 v.1) Σταυροδρόμι (Πέρα) (13/4/2007 v.1)

District located in the outskirts of Galata, intensely cosmopolitan in character, seat to most of the foreign embassies of Constantinople (Istanbul), bur also a significant commercial centre all through the 19th century. Greek-Orthodox population was present in Pera since the 17th century and firmly organised, as indicated by the statute of the Greek Orthodox Stavrodromi community.




Cibali (2/5/2007 v.1) Τζιμπαλί (13/4/2007 v.1)

Cibali is located along the city walls of the Golden Horn, shortly before Fanari (Fener) and very close to the modern site of Unkapı. Right after the Ottoman conquest the area was inhabited by Christian Orthodox and Jews, whereas during the 19th century it became the home of Greek Orthodox immigrants from the Balkans and Asia Minor. With the signing of the Lausanne treaty and the exchange of populations, the Orthodox community started weakening numerically.



Edirne Kapu

Edirne Kapu (27/4/2007 v.1) Εντιρνέ Καπού (13/4/2007 v.1)

District between the sixth and the seventh hill of Constantinople with an important proportion of Greek orthodox population that diminished greatly after 1923; after 1955 Greeks gradually abandoned the area, heading towards bigger and more central communities.



Eptapyrgio (Yedikule)

Eptapyrgio (Yedikule) - to be assigned Επταπύργιο - to be assigned


Exi Marmara (Altımermer)

Exi Marmara (Altımermer) (27/4/2007 v.1) Έξι Μάρμαρα (13/4/2007 v.1)

The Exi Marmara district is located in the area of the Byzantine Exokionion inside the Theodosian walls. During the Ottoman period it was mainly populated by Greek-Orthodox residents. Its parish church was that of the Virgin Mary Gorgoepekoos. Societies and associations were estabilshed in the district during the 19th century. The community declined in the 20th century. Nowadays no Christians inhabit the district.



Eğri Kapu

Eğri Kapu - to be assigned Εγρί Καπού (13/4/2007 v.1)

The Eğri Kapu district is located by the gate of the same name in Constantinople, close to the Blachernai Palace. The area had been populated from the Byzantine period and after the Fall continued being one of the districts inhabited by Christian Orthodox population. During the 19th century a boom is recorded regarding the establishment of associations and societies. After the foundation of the Turkish Republic the community of Eğri Kapu gradually declines.


Fanari (Fener)

Fanari (Fener) - to be assigned Φανάρι (13/4/2007 v.1)

After the transfer of the Patriarchate to Fanari (Fener), the district was transformed into the centre of Christian Orthodoxy. Significant schools where founded there, such as the Great School of the Nation, the “Ioakeimeio” All-Girls’ School and the “Marasleio” School, thanks to which the area was perceived as the religious and intellectual centre of Constantinopolitan Hellenism. From the 18th century the exquisite stone mansions of Phanariotes were constructed. The decline for the district...



Galata - to be assigned Γαλατάς - to be assigned



Hasköy (2/5/2007 v.1) Χάσκιοϊ (13/4/2007 v.1)

The area that nowadays covers Hasköy has been known to be populated since at least the 6th century. During the Ottoman period it was populated by Orthodox Christians, Armenians and, mainly, Jews. After World War II, Orthodox population is radically diminished.



Kontoskali (Kumkapı)

Kontoskali (Kumkapı) (27/4/2007 v.1) Κοντοσκάλι (13/4/2007 v.1)

Konτoskali (Kumkapı) was one of the most significant and populous Greek districts in Constantinople (Istanbul). During the second half of the 19th century it was rebuilt due to fires; the reconstruction was based on new urban planning principles. The local Greek Orthodox community was quite active, running many schools and associations. Nowadays the district has been almost clear of Greek population.