Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Constantinople FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Antigoni (Burgazada)

Antigoni (Burgazada) (27/6/2007 v.1) Αντιγόνη (νήσος) (27/6/2007 v.1)

Antigoni is the third largest island of the Prigkiponnisa. Its Greek population has recently dramatically reduced. Since the 19th century, the small fishing village of Antigoni developed into a significant resort for the urban middle-class Greek community of Constantinople.




Arnavutköy - to be assigned Αρναούτκιοϊ (Μέγα Ρεύμα) (13/4/2007 v.1)

District of Bosporus, which people started referring to as Arnavutköy after the Fall of Constantinople and the translocation there of Albanians during the reign of Sultan Mehmed II. From the mid-19th century, the name “Mega Revma” (Great Stream) prevails. In the 17th century, Mega Revma was inhabited by Greeks, Jews and a few Muslims. A century later, Armenians also moved to the settlement. Post 1940 the number of Orthodox residents rapidly decreased.



Büyükdere (27/4/2007 v.1) Μπουγιούκντερε (13/4/2007 v.1)

Village near the European coast of the Bosporus, recreational resort for diplomats and the upper strata of Constantinople during the 19th century. Besides the Orthodox residents, there were also Muslims, Jews and Armenians. The village’s Greek-Orthodox population diminished after WWI.



Chalki (Heybeliada)

Chalki (Heybeliada) (2/5/2007 v.1) Χάλκη (13/4/2007 v.1)

Chalki (Heybeliada), stretching over 2.5 square kilometers, is the second largest island of the Princes' Islands complex, located between Antigoni (Burgazada), Pringipos (Büyükada) and Cape Maltepe on the coast of Asia Minor. For many centuries, the history of Chalki was closely related to the history of its great monasteries. Until the middle of the 19th century, the majority of the inhabitants were Greek fishermen. Nowadays, its Christian Orthodox population numbers around 100 people.



Constantinople - Istanbul

Constantinople - Istanbul - to be assigned Κωνσταντινούπολη - Ισταμπούλ - to be assigned



Kuruçeşme (27/4/2007 v.1) Κουρούτσεσμε (13/4/2007 v.1)

The Kuruçeşme district lies in the valley between cape Defterdar Burnu (Kleidion) and the Mega Revma (Arnavutköy) shore. In antiquity, this area was known as Bythias, due to the great depth of the waters there. In the 17th century, it was populated by Greek-Οrthodox and Armenians, as well as many notable Jewish families. In 1804 the Greek Orthodox College (known in Greek as the “Megali tou Genous Scholi”) was moved to Kuruçeşme and housed at the residence of Alexandros Mavrokordatos.



Neochori (Yeniköy)

Neochori (Yeniköy) - to be assigned Νεοχώρι (13/4/2007 v.1)

Yeniköy or Neochori (Nechori) is located on the European shore of the Bosporus, between the Steni (İstinye) and Therapeia (Tarabya) areas. During the 17th century the Yeniköy district was comprised of three thousand households, including three Muslim and seven Christian quarters. In the 20th century, the Greek community began to decline demographically due to the translocation of inhabitants to more central areas of Constantinople, as well as the anti-minority persecution measures enforced...



Ortaköy - has not been published yet Ορτάκιοϊ (13/4/2007 v.1)

Village on the European shore of the Bosporus with mixed population including Greek Orthodox, Jews, Muslims and Armenians. The Jewish presence in the settlement was important, while the Greek Orthodox population (the only inhabitants of the village until the arrival of Jews and Muslims in the 16th c.) increased considerably in the 19th c. before it finally declined in the 20th c. The Greek Orthodox community maintained schools and several clubs.


Pringipos (Büyükada)

Pringipos (Büyükada) - has not been published yet Πρίγκηπος (13/4/2007 v.1)


Proti (Kınalıada)

Proti (Kınalıada) (27/4/2007 v.1) Πρώτη (13/4/2007 v.1)

Proti belongs to the Princes' Islands complex, being the closest one to Constantinople (Istanbul). In the middle of the 18th century the island was almost deserted, only to become re-inhabited in the 19th century. Nowadays, Proti’s Greek Orthodox community is comprised of very few permanent residents.