Author(s) : Sariyannis Marinos (10/29/2007)Translation : Tsokanis Anna (6/25/2008)
For citation: Sariyannis Marinos , "Janissaries", 2008,Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, ConstantinopleURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=11361>
A title given to military officials of high rank in the Ottoman Empire. From the 17th - and particularly the 18th- century the title bore also powerful Muslims who did not have any immediate military capacity.
The head of the palace guard, an office with police responsibilities.
Highest government official in the Ottoman Empire, second only to the Sultan. Before the 19th century he led the Ottoman army to war, when the Sultan could not go. He had vast administrative, legislative and judiciary responsibilities. During the reforms of the 19th century the office became even more important, as the grand vizier became in fact the head of the Ottoman government, very similar to the prime minister.
"Comrade", "partner", a term of address used among the Janissaries.
1. Recruting and training
2. Decline of the recruiting system
3. The Janissaries’ part in the capital’s everyday life
4. Janissaries and transgression
5. Janissaries’ revolts and the elimination of the corps
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